GIS application in disaster risk reduction training

Tue, 13 Nov - Fri, 23 Nov 2018

A training on Information and Communication Technologies (ICTs) through the use of Geographical Information Systems (GIS) for hazard mapping and modeling will take place from 13 to 23 November in Nairobi, Kenya. The training will also discuss the use of web-based data sources to facilitate research on disaster management, and the use of searchable databases for hazard information.

This course aims to strengthen practical skills on how to use GIS to overcome the major challenges faced in all phases of disaster management. After the training, the participants will be able to describe and utilize spatial data through manipulating it before, during and after disasters.

This five-day-long training is intended for professionals working in DRM-related fields.

Training content

Disaster management concepts and institutional framework

Basic GIS concepts and terminologies in the context of disaster management.

International and regional protocols and action plans relating to disaster risk management.

Introduction to spatial information

Introduction to geoinformatics, GIS data sources, and data collection

  • Geographic Information System
  • Data sources for DRM
  • Data collection using global positioning systems
  • Data collection using mobile data collection (ODK)
  • Introducing GIS functions using QGIS
  • Preparation of earthquake hazard map

Hazard, vulnerability and risk assessment with QGIS

  • Types and methods of risk assessments, risk evaluations, vulnerabilities analyses.
  • Spatial data preparation and GIS integration techniques in Microsoft Excel
  • Use of GIS in disaster preparedness planning.
  • Elements at risk, hazard and vulnerability assessment using GIS.
  • GIS multi-criteria analysis in vulnerability assessments.
  • Group discussion: How can GIS and RS be used to map existing buildings, infrastructure, land use and critical facilities located in potential hazard areas?

Application of risk information for risk reduction planning

  • Visualization of risk information using QGIS
  • Risk mapping and database generation using QGIS
  • Exercise: Creating a risk map
  • Discussion: Use of GIS in the identification of the extent and magnitude of each hazard.

Applications of geoinformation 

  • Disaster scope, examples & advancements
  • Introduction to Quantum GIS (open source)

Global and national initiatives

  • Overview of the Disaster Management Support Programme
  • Key international and regional initiatives
  • Disaster management planning and emergency response case studies

Public participatory GIS and disaster risk management

  • Participatory GIS as a tool for DRM mapping.
  • Use of Google Maps and Google Earth in DRM.
  • Community crisis mapping using Ushahidi.

GIS for post disaster damage assessment

  • Flood inundation mapping
  • Preliminary flood damage assessment